Tuesday, 20 September 2011

NEW FILM REMEMBERS THOSE WHO EVADED CAPTURE AFTER THE RAID

Where does all the time go? Hard to believe I'm so late in passing on news of a premiere I attended, in Harrogate, back on September 6th. On show, for the first time and to a black-tie gathering, was a new film by talented young director Tim Reynard (www.decantillonfilms.com/theonlyone.html). Entitled 'The Only One Who Knows You're Afraid', the film tells the story of two Commandos taken under the protection of French civilians during the first phase of an escape odyssey that would eventually see them returned to the UK via Gibraltar. The film excels in exploring the all-too-easily forgotten risks ordinary - well, perhaps not so ordinary - people took in concealing and aiding Allied combatants whose discovery would lead to a concentration camp, or even execution.

The film was introduced by a prologue written by myself, and voiced wonderfully by Richard Briers - text below. There was also a rather insipid speech by some old guy.....no - hold on, that was me too. Just goes to show that if you know you have to give a speech DO NOT attend a full-on wedding in Ireland immediately before and then travel back to the UK by Stenna Lineski (well, to us it felt like crossing the Baltic on a Soviet ferry back in the '50s).

Tim and his writing partner Olly were present in Saint-Nazaire during the March commemoration, and got to tour poor old Campbeltown. They attended the cross-laying at the cemetery in La Baule/Escoublac and were able to meet the veterans Bill 'Tiger' Watson, and General Corran Purdon, who every year without fail presage the main ceremony at the Chariot memorial with a private period of contemplation by the beautifully-tended gravesides of their fallen comrades.

Full details of the film, its cast and crew plus a 'teaser' video can be seen at the above De Cantillon Films web address. The evasion portrayed was based on the successful 'home-runs' of Corporal George Wheeler, MM, and Lance-Corporal Robert Sims, also MM. The total number to make it home without first having been captured was five, the others being Lance-Corporal Arnie Howarth (sheltered in his German-occupied school by Principal, M. Etienne Baratte), Lance-Corporal Douglas, and Private Harding.

A huge amount of effort went into this film: and for me it was both refreshing and inspiring to work with people so young and yet so intent on paying due tribute to events now almost lost in the mists of time.



PROLOGUE

It’s just after one o’clock on the morning of the 28th. It’s cold. It’s pitch black. You’re crouched on the deck of a boat, almost within sight of the coast of Occupied France. You can’t see it yet; but for the first time in days you can smell the smells of land: of seaweed on the unseen shore; of fields and trees and human habitation –odours almost alien after two long days sailing through the Channel and the Bay of Biscay.

The proximity of land has brought the first stabs of real fear, and you wonder if the other Commandos in your small party are feeling it too. Not so much fear of the enemy you know lies waiting, but of letting yourself down, or still worse the mates you’ve been living and training with forever – or so it sometimes seemed.

They’re all around you, your mates, their battledress damp from the ever-present drizzle, their faces dark beneath the dull steel of their helmets. Everyone’s weapons are at the ready, with packs full of explosive charges and pouches stuffed with ammo and grenades. Aside from muffled orders to the sailors at the forward and after Oerlikon cannons, the only noise to be heard is of the boat’s own powerful engines, a roar so loud they must surely hear it in Paris.

Just before you’d left Falmouth, they’d finally mentioned all the guns that were going to be waiting for you in the estuary of the River Loire. You’d never heard of Saint-Nazaire in your life before: now you can’t divorce its name from thoughts of the mighty defences put in place to defend it. A lot of U-Boats lived there, just like the one your escorting destroyers had put under yesterday. Silly bugger to show himself anyway: must’ve imagined no British ships would dare be seen where we were.

Hard to tear your eyes away from the land and all those unseen guns. How many of them are even now pointed directly at you? How will you react the second they open up? You twist around, and search the darkness for the rest of the fleet. Up ahead, that darker patch, that must be Campbeltown, with tons of high explosive packed in her bow. Somebody’s going to get a nasty surprise. Trailing on either side of the old destroyer, feathers of phosphorescence breaking from their bows, are the remaining 17 ships – built of wood, just like your own. To aid in identification each bears a number painted in white – just like pleasure boats on a Blackpool pond. Maybe there won’t be any firing. Maybe the enemy’ll just get megaphones and call out from the shore, “Come in number so and so: your time is up…”. Bloody tinderboxes. Even after 400 miles of sailing, each of them still had 2,000 gallons of petrol in its tanks. Whose bloody stupid idea was that! Some Royal Navy if that’s all they can afford to give a person. At least Campbeltown, rusting relic though she might be, was built from good old steel.

It’s suddenly harder to breathe; harder to take your mind off the fuses, detonators and plastic explosives filling the pack you’re going to be lugging ashore – a pack which, now it’s a target, seems to have grown to twice its former size. Another stab of fear, this time almost crippling as the brilliant, ice-cold pencil of a searchlight sweeps across the waves, only just missing the last boats’ wakes. As it goes out, there’s a loud metallic clicking next to you as one of your Protection Party cocks his Tommy gun. Nerves stretched so tight you could probably play a tune on them. A drink would be good, just about now…..

Your officer appears out of the gloom. It’s the Navy’s job to defend the boat, but with nothing but those tiny Oerlikons against the whole might of the enemy, they’ll need all the help you ‘brown Jobs’ can give them. Orders are to be ready at a second’s notice – but absolutely not to fire until the klaxon sounds.

There’s something going on up ahead. You don’t know it, but the Navy are exchanging stolen signals with the Germans, hoping they’ll accept the fleet of strange ships as their own. Can the Jerries really be that stupid? You’ve been told they believe the port to be impregnable. Complacency on their part was to be the fleet’s trump card. The British would never dare come here – ergo the British can’t be here – ergo the ships must be German: simple.

A half-seen shadow passes by on your port quarter. It’s the buoy that marks the entrance to the narrowest part of the estuary. Any closer to the shore and the German guns crews’ll be able to toss their bloody shells at you.

Flashes up ahead now; coming from the shore. Flashes first, then the thud of heavy guns heard only microseconds before first Campbeltown’s klaxon, then all the klaxons on the following boats, shriek out the signal to return fire. The sudden hammering of an Oerlikon cannon only feet away from your ears stuns your senses momentarily; then the Commandos’ Tommy guns and Brens join in. So pretty, and yet so deadly, all those streams of coloured tracer reaching out from boat and shore. Then you wonder what a time it is for somebody to be down below, banging on the hull with a hammer - until the sickening realization dawns that these are the sounds of enemy fire tearing through the boat’s thin mahogany skin.

You feel helpless. As a demolition expert, all you can afford to carry in addition to your weighty pack, is an American Colt pistol. May as well chuck it at the shore for all the good it’ll do. So you make yourself small, very small, and you pray. And maybe you think how long it seems now since you and your mates were swanning round Scotland, taking full advantage of the effect your Commando flash had on all the girls. And not just the girls –sometimes their mothers too….

A muffled choke, and the Oerlikon gunner is hit, slumping dead in his sling. A flurry of activity as he is quickly replaced - and the dreadful racket of the gun begins all over again.

A wall looms on the port beam: a lighthouse, then an enemy gun on top of some building, firing over your head at the starboard column. It’s the outer harbour already. Only few hundred yards to go and you’ll be ashore on the soil of France. No passport control on this trip…!

Your officer gets the various parties sorted out – Protection in front, Demolition behind, while the crew begin to pull down the side stanchions. Stand up – at least as high as you dare: pack on: my God it’s like slinging a bag of cement. Ahead are the silhouettes of the twin pill-boxes that defend the Old Mole, the landing point for all the boats in your column. You wonder if anybody’s made it: then you find your answer in the gush of flame that suddenly engulfs the boat just in front of yours. Poor bastards. What a way to go.

Your own boats heels sharply to port as it breasts the lighthouse at the end of the Mole. For a brief moment you catch a glimpse of Campbeltown, the old girl lit up like a Christmas tree, shell after shell crashing into her sides. She must be almost there. Going fast as hell, from the size of her bow wave. It’s a sight you’ll remember as long as you live – as long as you live! Bloody Germans won’t know what hit them.

Amidst the dreadful racket and the roar of flames, you can still make out the tinkling of broken glass falling from the shattered lantern room, now directly above the boat. The streams of tracer from the Mole guns can no longer depress enough to hold you as a target, so your boat slides easily beneath them, engines revving, and comes to a stop alongside the slipway on the structure’s eastern face. More thuds; this time from grenades tossed down from its upper surface and landing on the deck where you’d just been. Lucky, that. A bark of orders and you’re off, stumbling over the bodies of the forward gun crew. There’s seaweed on the slipway: you stumble. Can’t fall over or you’ll be helpless as an upturned turtle. A rattle of Tommy gun fire up ahead and then you’re off the Mole, heading for the shelter of the dockside buildings and the deepest, darkest shadow you can find.

Ahead of you, empty as a Scotsman’s wallet after a night out in Glasgow, lies the broad square that separates the Old Town tenements opposite, from the sprawl of silent dockyard buildings to your rear. You can still see the estuary – but you might have wished you couldn’t: for a rippling horizon of flame and smoke seems to be all that now remains of all your comfy, floating billets.

A staccato metallic clatter and a long spray of bullets shreds a metal waste can at the edge of the square. The Germans must’ve put machine-guns in the tenements’ upper windows. Beneath the shattered can, your Protection party officer lies sprawled, like he was still on a firing range, his Tommy gun kicking as he seeks them out. Fat chance. He only looks about eighteen. They say he wants to be a doctor: maybe should’ve stuck to that – instead of this.

It’s all going pear-shaped. The square you have to cross to get to your target looks about as inviting as a shark’s smile. Your own officer tries to pick his way across – but soon collapses to the ground, dead, like as not. Nobody’s getting across there now. No way ahead. No way back - not now all the boats have gone. Outnumbered twenty to one. But are we downhearted? No, we’re bloody not. We’re Commandos chum – and we’ll do the job and get back home one way or another. Just like we always do……

-

A total of 264 Commandos sailed to Saint-Nazaire to knock out that port’s giant dry dock. Their aim was to keep the German battleship Tirpitz away from the lumbering convoys by destroying the only bolt-hole on the Atlantic seabord large enough to house her should she ever be damaged in battle. A faint hope indeed: but then, these were desperate times.

The Commandos were split into three groups, each with its complement of heavily laden demolition experts. 78 men were to storm ashore from HMS Campbeltown, once the old girl had buried her explosive-filled bow in the dock’s outer gate. 84 Men, plus a small headquarters party were to land from small boats, right behind her in the Old Entrance. A similar number were to come ashore at the Old Mole.

It had all looked so good on paper. But like all plans it had fallen apart the second the first shot was fired. Campbeltown, strongest ship in the fleet, did all that was asked of her: but the small boats were cut to pieces - and the men aboard them. Of six boats meant to land Commandos at the Old Entrance, only one succeeded – a story repeated exactly at the Old Mole. Handfuls of Commandos were left to fight where whole teams should have engaged the enemy. They could have surrendered – nobody would have thought ill of them. But these were exceptional individuals, trained to win out where others could not. Gibraltar lay 1,000 miles away. In the way was Occupied France and half the German Army.

Ah well: better get a move on then….


 (Copyright, J Dorrian, 2011)




Saturday, 27 August 2011

Rest in Peace, Eric and Tom
It is with great sadness that we have to record the passing of two of the Chariot Commandos - Eric de la Torre, MBE, and Colonel Tom Sherman, OBE, VRD, DL, lost to us within days of one another.

Eric, a Lance-Corporal from 3 Commando and RAOC, was carried to Saint-Nazaire on board ML262, which vessel was destroyed by enemy fire forcing Eric and many others to swim to the shore, where they were taken prisoner. Tom, then a Troop Sergeant-Major, King's Regiment and 4/2 Commando, was on board ML446 when she was hit and damaged to the point where she had to make a run for the open sea. I was fortunate enough to have interviewed both men, and feel it a privilege to have have known such generous and self-effacing individuals.

Defecit omne quod nasciture......




Tuesday, 31 May 2011


Forget me?  Absolutely not!

The above 'anyone for tennis' image is of Micky Burn at Cranmer Hall, Norfolk, back in the gilded '30s, snapped during a visit to his dear friend Dinah Jones. How simple it must all have seemed back then. The image forms part of an archive whose importance we are only just beginning to take on board, as, piece by piece we unravel the story of his personal almost-century. 

Another piece to come to light is the very short speech I gave at his funeral service, one of several aired by family and friends. I think it's worth recalling - in royal purple, of course - if only to illustrate the mischievous side of Micky that we all found so endearing. It relates initially to our ongoing work to document his life on film. 

"Over the last few years our work with Micky on what he increasingly came to think of as 'his' film, offered him a new lease on life, and us a window into the sometimes crazy, sometimes sad, but more often than not magical world of Micky Burn.

Increasingly Micky took this as an opportunity to critique every last detail of his life, especially as our frequent trips to Beudy Gwyn, and expeditions to France, Germany and to Chatsworth to be reunited with Deborah Devonshire, brought him into immediate contact with many of the most important elements of his past.

Rarely was there a single day when he was not on the phone re-editing his story, expressing some new twist that MUST NOT BE IGNORED. My last call came on the day before he died, when he insisted that Professor Dawkins and the Resurrection become the film's newest focus: one wonders if this was prompted by private knowledge of some inner clockwork already straining to draw on the last of the energy remaining in its spring.

These last years with Micky have opened door after door to places, people and emotions we now could not imagine having missed. Micky at Saint-Nazaire, struggling to explain how he, wounded and alone, managed to circumnavigate a dockyard whose multiple dangers proved lethal to so many others. Micky arriving at Colditz and engaging the staff in perfect German. Micky tossing Camelias from Mary's tree into the stream below Tan-y-Clogwyn. Micky and 'Debo', geriatric Kathy and Heathcliff that they were, scattering scraps for her many hens. Micky in a crowded Munich restaurant tugging out a small denomination banknote  and proclaiming 'champagne for everyone!'. Micky standing on a crowded platform at Birmingham New Street station, insisting I fix the broken zipper on his pants - him up here, and me down there, and Micky entirely oblivious to all the curious stares. Micky flooding the basement bedrooms of a friend with whom we were staying, having left the bathroom taps running into a tightly plugged sink all night.

In future years I should perhaps retain a vision of him in Commando uniform, or dancing at the Ritz, or perhaps in Colditz announcing to stunned silence the death of President Roosevelt. But for me the image that will most remain in my mind, is of our Michael, on the morning of said flood, standing amidst a chaos of towels, mops and buckets, wearing nothing but droopy and very, very aged long-johns, his face a picture of innocence, inquiring in a little-boy voice - 'Was it me?'"


Forget - how dare we even think of it!

Monday, 4 April 2011

'Local Hero'

Sergeant Thomas Frank Durrant, VC

A total of five Victoria Crosses were won during the raid on Saint-Nazaire - the largest number of VCs awarded for any single action during World War Two. Of these, none was more nobly earned than that awarded to Sergeant Tommy Durrant, of 1 Commando. A member of a demolition team on board Motor Launch 306, Tommy, firing  twin Lewis-guns on an anti-aircraft mounting, took on the German destroyer Jaguar, many times the size of his wooden launch, was mortally wounded, and yet continued to fire until the very last of his strength was gone. He was recommended for his country's highest award by the captain of the German ship, and today lies in the beautifully tended war cemetery of Escoublac La Baule (I.D.II).



On Friday April 1st, the teachers and pupils of his old school at Green Street Green in Kent,  along with members of the Commando Veterans' Association, honoured Tommy's memory with a special World War Two event. Children and teachers dressed up in 'wartime' clothes, songs of the period were sung, and Commando veterans were interviewed by pupils agog at coming face-to-face with real 'Green Berets'. The kindness of the CVA and the enthusiasm of both staff and children contributed  to a truly memorable event - the kind of special experience that makes all involved feel that something rather wonderful has taken place.




Sunday, 20 February 2011

HMS Campbeltown - 'last pipe'



March 28th, 2011, marked the 69th anniversary of the raid on Saint-Nazaire. Sadly, it also saw the last visit of the present HMS Campbeltown to the port so long associated with her name. A Type 22 Frigate of the 'Broadsword' Class, she is shortly to be decommissioned as part of the present government's contentious defence cuts. Launched on October 7th, 1987, and displacing 4,900 tons at full load, she is yet a young ship, and it is enormously sad to see her life cut short as part of a package of measures that can only accelerate our country's military decline.

The above image, taken on Campbeltown's after deck at the stroke of sunset on the evening of Monday 28th, shows the guard firing a salute as the White Ensign was hauled down. She was moored at the Quai du Commerce, with the huge bulk of the U-Boat pens in the background, and became the centre of attention in the port throughout her short stay. Earlier in the day, her crew, and her Commando complement, had together formed up next to the Monument du Commando where wreaths were laid by veterans and invited guests. Commander Keri Harris and his crew could not have been more courteous or hospitable during her stay - all in the very best traditions of the Senior Service.

Sad times for F86 - and  for all those associated, both with the ship, and with the potent memories so closely bound to her name. 

































Sunday, 6 February 2011

'CROSSING THE BAR'

The sad passing of HMS Campbeltown's last surviving crew-member

I received the very sad news this weekend that Frank Edgar Pritchard had passed away, in Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, on January 29th.

Frank, at the time of the raid had been a Leading Stoker, and a mere 22 years old. He survived the assault on the ship, and returned to the UK on board Motor Gunboat 314.

Frank was a primary source for me when writing my first book on the raid. It is fair to say that without his contribution to the text the story of those who struggled, first to keep the old ship's engines running, and then to assist in her scuttling, might have been lost to history. I last met him in Falmouth at the time of the rededication of the Chariot memorial. He is shown below, with his wife Irene, outside the Falmouth Town Hall. (Image copyright Scott VanOsdol)


Details of the funeral are given below. All are welcome.

St James Church, St James Road, Torpoint Cornwall. PL11 2BH  at 14:00Hrs

Then to Glynn Valley Crematorium, Turfdown Road, Bodmin. PL30 4AU at 15:30hrs

Comrades & United Services Club Torpoint Cornwall,  PL11 2LH for
refreshments, all Welcome 17:00 hrs.